冬季预防冠心病4步曲Winter prevents coronary heart disease 4 paces music冬季預防冠心病4步曲

2017年3月2日

  健康热议TOPIC

  冠心病是一种最常见的心脏病,是指因冠状动脉粥样硬化、狭窄、供血不足而引起的心肌缺氧、代谢障碍等器质性病变,故又称缺血性心脏病。据泰达国际心血管病医院的门诊部主任医师谢若兰介绍,冠心病每年有两个发病高峰期:一是每年的10月至次年1月,第二高峰是每年的3月至4月,发病率几乎占全年发病的65%。本期健康专刊特别针对换季入冬的冠心病高发期向谢若兰进行咨询。

  天冷血管要保暖

  时下正是秋冬换季温差最明显的时期,天气骤冷,体内的儿茶酚胺分泌增加,交感神经兴奋,导致心律加快、血压升高,进一步则引起血管收缩或痉挛。所以特别要注意手、头、面部的保暖。早上刷牙、洗脸宜用温水。洗衣、洗菜时不要让手长时间浸泡在冷水里。

  吃的不要太“好”太“多”

  不同于夏天饮食比较简单,天冷了人的饭量会增加,像火锅这样高油高热的选项会频繁出现在我们的菜单中。所以主观上尽可能抵制各类“美食”的诱惑,均衡膳食,少吃动物油、糖、奶油及咖啡,切忌油腻。每餐进食的量也不宜太多,特别是晚餐一定要少而精。

  冬季晨练需谨慎

  大多数人认为早晨空气新鲜,适宜运动和锻炼。但是从预防冠心病的角度来说,应尽量避免清晨运动。有研究发现,上午9时冠心病发作的几率较晚11时高3倍,特别是上午6~12时为好发时间,以9时为高峰。有人认为其原因是上午时间交感神经活性较高,生物电不稳定,易导致心律失常,发生室颤,甚至引起猝死。

  冬季洗澡三不宜

  洗澡是简单有效的解乏方法,然而想要预防冠心病,冬季的洗澡也要注意3点情况:

  1.水温不宜过热。太热的水会把皮肤表面分泌的油脂,及正常寄生在皮肤表面的保护性菌群洗掉,容易伤害其角质层,引起瘙痒、干燥等症状。推荐水温37-41℃。

  2.时间不宜过长。洗澡时间过长,头部血液供应相对减少,易导致脑缺血而发生意外,尤其是老年人,还易引起心脏缺血、缺氧。正确的时间应该是盆浴20分钟,淋浴10-15分钟即可。

  3.室温不宜太高。很多人洗澡时怕冷怕感冒,总是把卫生间温度调得很高,造成浴室内外温差大,反倒更容易感冒。

  时报记者  朱岩

下面是林俐彣翻译所得
Healthy heat discusses TOPIC

Coronary heart disease is a kind of the commonnest heart disease, it is to because the sclerosis of appearance of coronary artery congee, narrow, cardiac muscle that be not worth for blood and causes is anoxic,point to, metabolization obstacle implement qualitative sex pathological change, friend says to be short of heart disease of courage and uprightness again. The Xie Relan of doctor of outpatient department chairman that amounts to ill hospital of international heart and vessels according to peaceful introduces, coronary heart disease has two every year to come on fastigium: It is annual will come in October second year in January, the 2nd height is annual will come in March in April, 65% what incidence of a disease occupies annual to come on almost. This period the coronary heart disease that healthy monograph is not aimed at change garments according to the season to enter a winter especially is high hair period undertakes advisory to Xie Relan.

Day cold blood-vessel wants heat preservation

Nowadays is the period with the most apparent difference in temperature of autumn winter change garments according to the season, weather suddenly cold, the catechu phenolic amine inside body is secreted increase, sympathetic excitement, bring about rhythm of the heart to accelerate, blood pressure is elevatory, cause further vasomotor or convulsion. Should notice hand, head, facial heat preservation particularly so. Brush his teeth in the morning, the appropriate that wash a face uses Wen Shui. Wash clothes, the hand does not let long immerse when washing dish in cold water.

Eat not too ” good ” too ” much “

Unlike summer food is compared simple, the weather became cold the person’s appetite can increase, the options of so tall like chaffy dish oily high fever can appear often in our menu. So subjective go up to be boycotted as far as possible of all kinds ” cate ” alluring, balanced and prandial, take animal oil, candy, butter and coffee less, avoid by all means is fat. The amount that every eat eats is unfavorable also and too much, especially dinner must fewer but better.

Winter morning practice wants discretion

Most person thinks morning air is fresh, move aptly and take exercise. But for the angle from precautionary coronary heart disease, answer to prevent early morning exercise as far as possible. Have research discovery, the odds that 9 Shi Guanxin disease break out in the morning is later 11 when 3 times taller, time had better be sent when 6~12 in the morning especially, with 9 when for the height. Somebody thinks its reason is in the morning time sympathetic active is taller, biology report is not stable, easy cause rhythm of the heart wrong, happen room quiver, cause sudden death even.

Winter bathes 3 unfavorable

Bathing is method of simple and effective recover from fatigue, want to prevent coronary heart disease however, the hiemal bathes to also want to notice at 3 o’clock circumstance:

1. Water is warm unfavorable overheat. Too hot water is met a grease of skin surface excretive, reach normal parasitism to be in the protection bacterium of skin surface group wash, hurt its cutin layer easily, cause Sao urticant, dry wait for a symptom. Recommend ℃ of water lukewarm 37-41.

2. Time shoulds not be too long. Bathing time is too long, head blood is supplied decrease relatively, outside bring about a head to be short of blood and sending the trade easily, especially old people, cause a heart easily still to be short of blood, anoxic. Right time should be tub 20 minutes, shower 10-15 minute can.

3. Room temperature shoulds not be too tall. When a lot of people bathe, be afraid of cold be afraid of a cold, always move toilet temperature very high, cause difference in temperature of bathroom inside and outside big, instead catchs a cold more easily.

Times reporter Bright red cliff
下面是朱若慈翻译所得
  健康熱議TOPIC

  冠心病是一種最常見的心臟病,是指因冠狀動脈粥樣硬化、狹窄、供血不足而引起的心肌缺氧、代謝障礙等器質性病變,故又稱缺血性心臟病。據泰達國際心血管病醫院的門診部主任醫師謝若蘭介紹,冠心病每年有兩個發病高峰期:一是每年的10月至次年1月,第二高峰是每年的3月至4月,發病率幾乎占全年發病的65%。本期健康專刊特別針對換季入冬的冠心病高發期向謝若蘭進行咨詢。

  天冷血管要保暖

  時下正是秋冬換季溫差最明顯的時期,天氣驟冷,體內的兒茶酚胺分泌增加,交感神經興奮,導致心律加快、血壓升高,進一步則引起血管收縮或痙攣。所以特別要註意手、頭、面部的保暖。早上刷牙、洗臉宜用溫水。洗衣、洗菜時不要讓手長時間浸泡在冷水裡。

  吃的不要太“好”太“多”

  不同於夏天飲食比較簡單,天冷瞭人的飯量會增加,像火鍋這樣高油高熱的選項會頻繁出現在我們的菜單中。所以主觀上盡可能抵制各類“美食”的誘惑,均衡膳食,少吃動物油、糖、奶油及咖啡,切忌油膩。每餐進食的量也不宜太多,特別是晚餐一定要少而精。

  冬季晨練需謹慎

  大多數人認為早晨空氣新鮮,適宜運動和鍛煉。但是從預防冠心病的角度來說,應盡量避免清晨運動。有研究發現,上午9時冠心病發作的幾率較晚11時高3倍,特別是上午6~12時為好發時間,以9時為高峰。有人認為其原因是上午時間交感神經活性較高,生物電不穩定,易導致心律失常,發生室顫,甚至引起猝死。

  冬季洗澡三不宜

  洗澡是簡單有效的解乏方法,然而想要預防冠心病,冬季的洗澡也要註意3點情況:

  1.水溫不宜過熱。太熱的水會把皮膚表面分泌的油脂,及正常寄生在皮膚表面的保護性菌群洗掉,容易傷害其角質層,引起瘙癢、幹燥等癥狀。推薦水溫37-41℃。

  2.時間不宜過長。洗澡時間過長,頭部血液供應相對減少,易導致腦缺血而發生意外,尤其是老年人,還易引起心臟缺血、缺氧。正確的時間應該是盆浴20分鐘,淋浴10-15分鐘即可。

  3.室溫不宜太高。很多人洗澡時怕冷怕感冒,總是把衛生間溫度調得很高,造成浴室內外溫差大,反倒更容易感冒。

  時報記者  朱巖

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